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Making network cables

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A twisted pair is a cable consisting of four pairs of two copper wires that are twisted together or two by two.
There are different types of twisted pair cables. the UTP, Unshielded Twisted Pair, the STP, Shielded Twisted Pair, and the FTP, Foiled Twisted Pair.

The UTP is the most commonly used twisted pair cable. This cable is uninsulated. For connecting phones, this cable has been used for years. In the STP cable, the wire pairs are shielded separately and the cable as a whole. This protection makes the STP cable thicker and stiffer. The STP cable also consists of two wire pairs. The increasing bit rates over UTP cables lead to extra electromagnetism. To reduce the radiation and sensitivity to external interference, a layer of metal foil is applied under the outer sheath of the FTP cable.

For a normal straight cable, use the colour scheme below.



If you only have 1 internet connection with 1 cable, you can still connect 2 computers to the internet.
You put in 1 computer an extra network card and then you connect those 2 computers with a crossed cable.
That order differs from a straight cable. Write that on a label and stick it to the cable so that no confusion can arise.

 



That second PC only has internet if that PC with 2 internet cards is switched on.
You don't have to start it up completely, because that's tricky if it belongs to your brother or sister and has a password on it.
Just turn it on, when you see that login screen, you can already surf the internet on that other PC.

If you have had a Ziggo ( Casema) connection and you switch to another provider, check the cable you got from Ziggo, which often only has 2 wires.
You can look through the transparent connector to check that.
Then you have to take another cable with 8 wires in it.

Put the wires in the right order and then cut them off.
The wires themselves do not need to be stripped.
With these pliers the contacts are pushed through the insulation.